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Rail Heritage
CSXT's History
 
CSX Transportation is a unit of CSX Corporation, a family of international transportation companies. CSX Corporation was formed on Nov. 1, 1980, by the merger of two major eastern railroads: Chessie System and Seaboard Coast Line. Chessie's predecessors include the nation's first railroad, the Baltimore & Ohio, as well as the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway and Western Maryland Railway. Seaboard's predecessors include Atlantic Coast Line, Seaboard Air Line and Louisville & Nashville. The merged railroads began operating as CSX Transportation Inc. in 1986.
 
Chronology of Events (1827 to 1867)
Chronology of Events (1868 to 1907)
Chronology of Events (1908 to 1946)
Chronology of Events (1947 to 1985)
Chronology of Events (1986 to present)
 

A Direct Connection to the First Common Carrier Railroad


1827
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O), our nation's first common carrier railroad, was chartered on Feb. 28 in Baltimore. Construction of the B&O began July 4, 1828.
1830
The Lexington & Ohio Railroad was chartered Jan. 27 to build a line between Lexington, Ky., and the Ohio River near Louisville, Ky. Construction began in 1831 and was completed in 1834 to Frankfort, Ky., reaching Louisville in 1851. It became part of the L&N in 1880.
1830
The Petersburg Railroad, Atlantic Coast Line Railroad's (ACL oldest predecessor, was chartered Feb. 10, organized Aug. 28, with construction beginning on Dec. 24, 1832, at Petersburg, Va., southward to Weldon, N.C. The line was completed in 1833.
1830
Investor Peter Cooper demonstrated the steam locomotive "Tom Thumb" August 25 on B&O tracks from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills, Md., and returned -- a 26 mile trip.
1832
The Portsmouth & Roanoke Railroad, Seaboard Air Line Railroad's (SAL) oldest predecessor, was chartered March 8. Building began in 1833 at Portsmouth, Va., and was completed at Weldon, N.C., in late 1836.
1833
The Georgia Railroad was chartered Dec. 21 and construction commenced at Augusta in 1835, pushing westward toward the Chattahoochee Valley in western Georgia. The name "Georgia Railroad and Banking Company" was adopted in 1836.
1834
The Montgomery Rail Road was chartered Jan. 15 and construction began March 1, 1836. Following a lease arrangement, the line was sold and became the Montgomery and West Point Rail Road Company in 1843. On Sept. 1, 1870, the line was merged with the Western Rail Road Company of Alabama.
1834
The Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad Company (RF&P) was chartered on Feb. 25.
1836
The Louisa Railroad Company, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway's (C&O) oldest predecessor, was chartered on Feb. 18. In 1850, its name was changed to the Virginia Central Railroad.
1836
The Western & Atlantic Railroad Company was founded by the state of Georgia through a special legislative act on Dec. 21. The 137-mile line between Atlanta and Chattanooga, Tenn., was completed May 9, 1850.
1845
The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad was chartered Dec. 11, and a 152 mile line between the namesake cities was opened on Feb. 11, 1854, which included the 2,228-foot Cumberland Mountain Tunnel. On May 31, 1873, the line became the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railroad.
1847
The Atlantic & LaGrange Rail Road, Atlanta and West Point Rail Road Company's oldest predecessor, was incorporated Dec. 27, and construction commenced in the fall of 1849 from a point southwest of Atlanta toward West Point, Ga., in May 1854. The A&L was renamed the Atlanta and West Point Rail Road Company on Dec. 22, 1857.
1849
The Blue Ridge Railroad was chartered as a state enterprise to construct a railroad over and through the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. The Virginia Central was given rights to the use of this railroad, and the first train entered the Valley of Virginia on April 1, 1854. At the outbreak of the Civil War, the Virginia Central Railroad Company had 192 miles of main line between Richmond and Covington, Va.
1850
The Louisville & Nashville Railroad (L&N) was chartered March 5, and a 186 mile line was opened between its namesake cities on Oct. 27, 1859.
1852
The Baltimore, Carroll and Frederick Railroad, the Western Maryland's (WM) oldest predecessor, was chartered May 27, and completion of the line from Baltimore to Hagerstown, Md., was accomplished in 1872. Ten months later, the BC&F became the Western Maryland Rail Road Company.
1853
The Covington & Ohio Railroad Company was chartered Feb. 15 to build a road from Covington, Va., to the Ohio River.

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1868
Special acts of Virginia's and West Virginia's legislatures provided for completion of rail lines from Chesapeake Bay to the Ohio River. Under these acts, the Virginia Central Railroad was renamed the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. This company succeeded to the rights, interests and privileges of both the Virginia Central and the Covington and Ohio Railroads.
1871
First use of the "Atlantic Coast Line" name.
1873
First use of the "Seaboard Air Line" name.
1878
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad was reorganized between 1873 and 1878 during receivership and was renamed the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) of July 1, 1878.
1880
The properties of the James River and Kanawha Company, a canal enterprise, were acquired by the Richmond and Alleghany Railroad, and the canal towpath was used to build a railroad from Richmond to Clifton Forge, Va. The James River Company, an earlier canal enterprise, was organized in August 1785. George Washington was president of the company and surveyed the towpaths that became the C&O right of way. The James River Company was succeeded by the James River and Kanawha Company in 1835.
1895
B&O placed the first successful electric locomotive in railroad service. An earlier test of the world's first electric railroad locomotive, the "Page Locomotive," took place on the C&O's Washington Branch in April 1851.
1900
On Jan. 1, the Chicago & West Michigan Railway, the Flint & Pere Marquette Railroad and the Detroit, Grand Rapids & Western Railway were consolidated into the Pere Marquette Railroad.

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1908
Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railroad (CC&O) was named and formed from several individual companies operating in the area. Construction of those lines began in the 1800s.
1924
The CC&O was leased for 99 years by the ACL and L&N.

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1947
The Pere Marquette Railway, principally a Michigan line, was merged into the C&O on June 6.
1957
Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway was merged into the L&N Aug. 30.
1960
C&O filed with the Interstate Commerce commission for authority to acquire stock control of the B&O.
1963
C&O acquired stock control of B&O in February following the ICC's approval on Dec. 31, 1962.
1964
C&O/B&O filed with the ICC for permission to acquire control of the Western Maryland Railway.
1965
C&O filed with the ICC to acquire control of the Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad (CSS&SB).
1965
C&O and Norfolk & Western (N&W) announced plans to merge and filed a joint application with the ICC.
1966
ICC authorized C&O to acquire control of the CSS&SB.
1967
Seaboard Coast Line (SCL) formed by merger of ACL and SAL July 1.
1967
ICC approved control of the Western Maryland by C&O/B&O.
1968
ICC hearing examiner recommended approval of proposed C&O/N&W merger; matter before full commission.
1969
Seaboard Cost Line Industries Inc. was formed in May.
1969
The Evansville, Ind., to Chicago portion of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad was purchased by the L&N; also the 135-mile long segment of the Tennessee Central Railroad between Nashville and Crossville, Tenn., was purchased.
1969
Piedmont & Northern Railway Company was merged into SCL.
1971
C&O and N&W ended their merger attempt, following bankruptcy of the Penn Central Railroad.
1971
Monon Railroad was merged into the L&N Aug. 1.
1972
The term "The Family Lines: was adopted to identify the SCL, L&N, CC&O, the Georgia Railroad and the West Point Route (The Atlanta & West Point Railroad and Western Railway of Alabama).
1973
Chessie System Inc. was formed Feb. 26, and Chessie System Railroads was adopted as the new corporate identity for the C&O, B&O and WM railroads.
1980
CSX Corporation came into being Nov. 1, resulting from the merger of Chessie System Inc. and Seaboard Coast Line Industries Inc.
1983
Seaboard System Railroad Inc. was formed through merger of SCL, L&N, CC&O and the Georgia Group (excluding the Western Railway of Alabama) Jan. 1.
1983
Operation of the Western Maryland Railway was taken over by the B&O, and WM's ownership was assumed by the C&O.
1984
CSX acquired control of its barge unit, American Commercial Lines Inc.

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1986
Sea-Land Corporation joined CSX.
1986
On July 1, Seaboard System Railroad Inc. name was changed to CSX Transportation In. C&O and B&O continued to exist corporately, though some aspects of the business were handled on an agency basis.
1987
The B&O was merged into the C&O on April 30.
1987
The C&O was merged into CSX Transportation Sept. 2.

 
TODAY

Transportation is the pricipal business of CSX. It is an international transportation company with interests in rail, container-shipping, intermodal, trucking, barge and contract logistics services.


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